Pressure the authorities in charge of solid waste management in Lebanon to set and apply an integrated sustainable waste management strategy, with clear implementation action plans; starting with waste reduction, reusing and recycling (3Rs), material and energy recovery, and then moving down the waste management hierarchy to other disposal techniques that are most suited to local specificities, while always meeting national and international environmental standards and laws.
The Coalition adheres to the following general principles:
- Waste generation should be reduced and economies should move from a linear pattern to a circular pattern.
- Valuing and recovering of material from municipal, commercial, and industrial waste is a primary principle
- Recycling creates green jobs and stimulates local economic activity.
- Recycling is a shared responsibility between all stakeholders including businesses and individuals i.e. manufacturers, suppliers, and distributors in all fields as well as consumers.
- Incentives to limit waste production, use recyclable material, adopt modern recycling techniques, and develop the necessary infrastructure should be part of government’s policymaking and legislation.
- Local authorities and the central government need to have the necessary oversight and physical assets and infrastructure to treat waste.
- The legislative and executive central authorities are responsible for providing sustainable waste management solutions and should provide the required human and financial resources to plan and execute such solutions.
- The central government should, in cooperation with the local authorities, develop and enact a comprehensive, integrated sustainable waste management solution, that respects environmental sustainability standards and is financially prudent. They should also ensure monitoring and control, while coordinating all community waste related projects. Operational oversight is the responsibility of municipalities and municipal unions.
- Waste management projects should abide by Lebanese laws, national conventions for the protection of the environment, and other international conventions. They need to adopt transparent and sustainable management standards in the interests of the public good.
- The principles stipulated in the Law for the Protection of the Environment No. 444/2002 (precaution, vigilance, prevention, avoiding the degradation of natural resources, etc.) should be enacted.
At the administrative level:
- Return to the Ministry of the Environment the solid waste management issues and oversight. The Ministry is responsible for setting general and integrated waste policies, developing environmental projects based on mid-term and long-term action plans, and implementing these plans while and monitoring execution; all while applying to a participatory approach.
At the technical level:
- Stop the incinerators’ plan to dispose of municipal waste in Lebanon. The Cabinet approved in 2018 the use of incinerators and the Beirut Municipality adopted this technique as a solution for its municipal waste management
- Pressure all authorities to set an integrated and comprehensive strategy and plans that reduce waste production, enforce sorting at the source and recycling. The plan should implement all these steps in compliance with international standards.
- Pressure to stop open waste burning, landfilling and dumping without appropriate treatment, particularly in the Costa Brava and Burj Hammoud landfills that violate all international environmental standards.
At the legislative level:
- Pressure authorities to abide by and enact international environmental conventions and penalize violations.
- Pressure authorities to issue sustainable waste management laws and regulations, and set economic incentives that reduce waste generation and increase recycling rates.
At the community/social level:
- Promote the prevention principle and the culture of reducing, reusing and recycling waste across communities through awareness campaigns.